الأحزاب السياسية الإسلامية: المفهوم، والنشأة، والغاية

الملخص

The topic of Islamic parties and their role in contemporary political life occupies a special and important place and ranks highly among the topics frequently discussed and debated in the contemporary political arena since the herald of the end of the Western occupation of the Arab world in the middle of the twentieth century. And recently, the events that took place early in the second decade of this century, termed as ‘The Arab Spring’, significantly added more importance to the role of these parties and gave more prominence to the Islamic movements which are known as “the stream of political Islam”. In order to describe and analyze a political system in any country, the various forces that are involved in the exercise of power and influence, whether directly or indirectly, need to be clearly identified. The authorities and institutions related to decision-making processes within any political system, are not only the ones comprising the executive, legislative, judicial and administrative structures, but those also encompass the political groups and blocs of parties and organizations. This study sought to explain the concept of ‘party’ linguistically, conventionally and from the Islamic legislature’s point of view, and it established the meaning of the “Islamic Party” concept. It explored the emergence of the ‘party’ concept in the Islamic political system; it attempted to clarify the foundations of the Islamic Party, its targeted goals, and the approach it follows; and it demonstrated the Islamic legislation points of view related to the political pluralism

 

 

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